Here are some Bulgarian language basics to help you get started:

Alphabet: The Bulgarian alphabet is based on the Cyrillic script, which is different from the Latin script used in English. It consists of 30 letters, including:

А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ь, Ю, Я

Vowels: In Bulgarian, there are six vowel sounds:

А, Е, И, О, У, Ъ


  • Здравейте! (Zdraveyte!) – Hello! (formal)
  • Здрасти! (Zdrasti!) – Hi! (informal)
  • Добро утро! (Dobro utro!) – Good morning!
  • Добър ден! (Dobar den!) – Good day!
  • Добър вечер! (Dobar vecher!) – Good evening!
  • Лека нощ! (Leka nosht!) – Good night!

Common Phrases:

  • Как сте? (Kak ste?) – How are you? (formal)
  • Как си? (Kak si?) – How are you? (informal)
  • Благодаря. (Blagodarya.) – Thank you.
  • Моля. (Molya.) – You’re welcome/Please.
  • Извинете. (Izvinete.) – Excuse me.
  • Съжалявам. (Sazhalyavam.) – I’m sorry.

Basic Questions:

  • Кой? (Koy?) – Who?
  • Какво? (Kakvo?) – What?
  • Къде? (Kade?) – Where?
  • Кога? (Koga?) – When?
  • Защо? (Zashto?) – Why?
  • Как? (Kak?) – How?

Basic Verbs:

  • съм (sam) – to be
  • имам (imam) – to have
  • отивам (otivam) – to go
  • идвам (idvam) – to come
  • говоря (govorya) – to speak
  • разбирам (razbiram) – to understand
  • уча (ucha) – to learn

Basic Vocabulary:

  • Да (Da) – Yes
  • Не (Ne) – No
  • Аз (Az) – I
  • Ти (Ti) – You
  • Той/Тя/То (Toy/Tya/To) – He/She/It
  • Ние (Nie) – We
  • Вие (Vie) – You (plural/formal)
  • Те (Te) – They
  • Благодаря (Blagodarya) – Thank you
  • Довиждане (Dovizhdane) – Goodbye

These basics should provide you with a foundation for learning Bulgarian. As you progress, you can expand your vocabulary, learn more complex sentence structures, and practice speaking and listening to improve your fluency. Consider using language learning resources like textbooks, online courses, or language exchange programs to further develop your Bulgarian skills. Успех! (Good luck!)